See Article History Alternative Titles: AU, OAU, Organization of African Unity African Union AUformerly — Organization of African Unity, intergovernmental organization, established into promote unity and solidarity of African states, to spur economic development, and to promote international cooperation. The OAU was established on May 25,and its activities included diplomacy especially in support of African liberation movementsmediation of boundary conflicts and regional and civil wars, and research in economics and communications.
It deals extensively with the procedure relating to the consideration of "Other Communications" submitted pursuant to article 55 of the Charter. The procedure governing inter-state communications has been briefly explained since it has been rarely used by the Commission.
It also covers issues such as the registration of communications, the procedures of seizure, admissibility and the consideration of the merits of a case. An explanation of the conditions of admissibility, amicable settlement, evidence and burden of proof, the recommendations of the Commission and the Follow-up process also features in this information sheet.
The booklet is free of charge and is distributed throughout Africa. It may be reproduced in other languages other than its original language provided no changes are made to the contents and the Commission is mentioned as the source. The production and distribution of this document has been made possible through funding from the European Union.
Introduction One of the principal functions of the Commission is to protect the rights and freedoms guaranteed in the Charter under conditions laid down therein.
To achieve this, the Commission is empowered, among other things, to receive and consider: Communications submitted by one State claiming that another State party to the Charter has violated one or more of the provisions in the Charter articles ; and Other Communications from individuals and organisations alleging that a State party to the Charter has violated one or more of the rights guaranteed therein article Other communications submitted to the Commission pursuant to article 55 of the Charter are considered within the framework of a written procedure see Rules of the Commission's Rules of Procedure.
The author of a communication can withdraw his or her communication at any stage.
The Commission in such a case will discontinue proceedings on it without taking any written decision. According to rule of its Rules of Procedure, prior to forwarding its final decisions recommendations on a communication to the State party concerned, the Commission may inform that State whether it considers interim measures desirable to prevent irreparable damage to the victim.
Registration of Communications Communications meant for the African Commission are usually directed to the Secretariat of the Commission which is based in Banjul, The Gambia.
Once a communication is received, it is registered under a file number in the Commission's Official Register of Communications kept at the Secretariat of the Commission. The Secretariat acknowledges receipt of the author's letter of complaint.
If more information is required, the author will be informed accordingly. The number of the communication is written in a manner that reflects the total number of communications received by the Commission, and the year that particular communication was received.
It should be noted however that registration of a communication is no guarantee that it is going to be seized by the Commission. Where the facts of the complaint reveal that the latter is not against a State party to the Charter, the complaint will not be registered and the author will be informed accordingly.
The Secretariat will acknowledge receipt of the complaint by sending the author a standard letter enclosing any vital information about the functioning of the Commission including the text of the Charter. Seizure Once a communication has been registered, the Commission has to be seized with it.
Article 55 of the Charter provides that "Before each session of the Commission, the Secretary of the Commission prepares a list of all communications submitted to the Secretariat, other than those of State parties … and transmits them to the members of the Commission, who shall indicate which communications shall be considered by the Commission".
Rule 2 of the Commission's Rules of Procedure provides further that "No communications concerning a State which is not a party to the Charter shall be received by the Commission or placed in a list … " Therefore, when the Secretariat of the Commission receives a communication pursuant to article 55 against a State party to the Charter, as soon as it is registered, a summary is made thereof and is distributed to all the commissioners.
A letter is written to the complainant acknowledging receipt of the communication. No letter is sent to the State party concerned at this stage. The Secretariat has to wait for a response from at least seven of the eleven members to indicate that they have received the communication and approved seizure.
Alternatively, if the Secretariat does not receive minimum number of seven responses, the communication shall be presented to all the commissioners at the Commission's next session.
At this session, the Commission shall decide whether to be seized of the communication by determining whether it alleges any prima facie violation of the Charter, or whether it is properly submitted according to the provisions of article 55 of the Charter.
Article 55 2 of the Charter provides that "A communication shall be considered by the Commission if a simple majority of its members so decide.
It is only at this stage that the state party is notified of the communication. Conditions of admissibility of a communication Article 56 of the Charter stipulates the admissibility criteria to be applied to individual and similar communications as follows: The communication should indicate the author s name even if the latter request anonymity 1.
The person submitting the complaint must, as a matter of principle, indicate his or her name. If the person wishes to remain anonymous, he or she should say so and the communication will be given a letter of the alphabet, say B. It will henceforth be addressed by the State Party concerned.
The author need not give reasons for wanting to be anonymous.Describes opportunities facing African Communications Group, entrepreneurial organization, which plans to introduce wireless cards phone system in Tanzania.
Provides a framework for the analysis of value creation and value capture. The opportunity to join other companies, the large supplier and the uncertainty regarding demand all this . Africa Communications Group. 44 likes. We live and work in Africa. We communicate to Africans through campaigns for Africans.
Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. Press alt + / to open this menu. A South African startup says it will soon start building smartphones, but claims of the first “made in Africa” phones have been. The Africa Communications Group.
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