Gender, Power, and Struggle: This led to a discussion of rape culture, arguing that binary gender roles underpin this culture; therefore rape culture cannot be abolished without the end of patriarchy.
Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini in Political-military alliances continually changed, featuring condottieri mercenary leaderswho changed sides without warning, and the rise and fall of many short-lived governments. It is thought that he did not learn Greek even though Florence was at the time one of the centers of Greek scholarship in Europe.
In Florence restored the republicexpelling the Medici family that had ruled Florence for some sixty years. Shortly after the execution of SavonarolaMachiavelli was appointed to an office of the second chancery, a medieval writing office that put Machiavelli in charge of the production of official Florentine government documents.
Moreover, from tohe witnessed the brutal reality of the state-building methods of Cesare Borgia — and his father, Pope Alexander VIwho were then engaged in the process of trying to bring a large part of Central Italy under their possession. The pretext of defending Church interests was used as a partial justification by the Borgias.
Between andMachiavelli was responsible for the Florentine militia.
He distrusted mercenaries a distrust that he explained in his official reports and then later in his theoretical works for their unpatriotic and uninvested nature in the war that makes their allegiance fickle and often too unreliable when most needed and instead staffed his army with citizens, a policy that was to be repeatedly successful.
Under his command, Florentine citizen-soldiers defeated Pisa in However, Machiavelli's success did not last. In August the Medici, backed by Pope Julius IIused Spanish troops to defeat the Florentines at Pratobut many historians have argued that it was due to Piero Soderini 's unwillingness to compromise with the Medici, who were holding Prato under siege.
In the wake of the siege, Soderini resigned as Florentine head of state and left in exile.
The experience would, like Machiavelli's time in foreign courts and with the Borgia, heavily influence his political writings. Machiavelli's cenotaph in the Santa Croce Church in Florence After the Medici victory, the Florentine city-state and the republic were dissolved, and Machiavelli was deprived of office in In the Medici accused him of conspiracy against them and had him imprisoned.
Despite having been subjected to torture " with the rope " in which the prisoner is hanged from his bound wrists, from the back, forcing the arms to bear the body's weight and dislocating the shouldershe denied involvement and was released after three weeks.
Machiavelli then retired to his estate at Sant'Andrea in Percussinanear San Casciano in Val di Pesaand devoted himself to studying and writing of the political treatises that earned his place in the intellectual development of political philosophy and political conduct.
Still, politics remained his main passion and, to satisfy this interest, he maintained a well-known correspondence with more politically connected friends, attempting to become involved once again in political life.
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