When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page.
The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.
Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr.
Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words.
You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chartstill include this information.
Purdue Online Writing Lab.The APA Crib Sheet covers some of the more common rules and reference sources in APA style. However, this Web page is no substitute for the page APA Manual, which has evolved into a comprehensive style guide. The MLA Style Sheet is a concise guide to using the style of the Modern Language Association in research papers.
It is based on the most recent (sixth) edition of the MLA Handbook (), and has. The APA Crib Sheet shows how to format research papers in APA style. APA Research Style Crib Sheet by Russ Dewey Georgia Southern University [This page is a summary of rules for using APA style.
The version you are reading was revised 10/10/96, edited and revised again on September 5, Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style ® APA's Publication Manual, 6th Edition, provides complete style guidelines and should be consulted first in all matters concerning APA Style ®, but these FAQs will help clarify frequent areas of confusion.
In the current research, therefore, we compared young and older adults’ detection of four categories of emotional information (positive high arousal, positive low arousal, negative high arousal, and negative low arousal) with their detection of neutral information.
APA Crib Sheet, 6th ed. APA (American Psychological Association) references are used in the social sciences, education, A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers (‘Using APA’, ). In the rare case that ‘Anonymous’ is used for the author, treat it as the author’s name.