Atomism democritus and epicurus

Democritus agreed with Parmenides on the impossibility of qualitative change but did not agree with him on that of quantitative change. This type of change, he maintained, is subject to mathematical reasoning and therefore possible. He conceived of the Void as a vacuuman infinite space in which moved an infinite number of atoms that made up Being i.

Atomism democritus and epicurus

Back to Top Atomism is the theory that all of reality and all the objects in the universe are composed of very small, indivisible and indestructible building blocks known as atoms from the Greek "atomos", meaning "uncuttable".

This leads logically to the position that only atoms exist, and there are no composite objects objects with partswhich would mean that human bodies, clouds, planets, etc, all do not exist.

Traditional Atomism asserts that all physical objects consist of different arrangements of eternal atoms and the infinite void in which they form different combinations and shapes.

There is no room in this theory for the concept of a God, and essentially it is a type of Materialism or Physicalism.

Atomism democritus and epicurus

These atoms were considered to have general intensive and extensive properties and specific intensive properties, and to combine in pairs dyadsand then group into trios of pairs triadswhich are the smallest visible units of matter.

Each of these elements has a specific property, such as solidity or motion, and performs a specific function in mixtures, such as providing support or causing growth.

The movement had a second phase during the 7th Century A. Then Jain religion in India had also developed an atomic theory by the 1st Century B. The Jains envisioned the world as consisting wholly of atoms, except for souls. Each atom, according to Jaina philosophy, has one kind of taste, one smell, one color, and two kinds of touch, and can exist in one of two states, "subtle" in which case they can fit in infinitesimally small spaces and "gross" in which case they have extension and occupy a finite space.

Aristotle explicitly credited Leucippus with the invention of Atomism, although no fragments of his writings survive, and we have only a few fragments of the writing of Democritus and most of that second-hand. Democritus and Leucippus taught that the hidden substance in all physical objects consists of different arrangements of atoms and void.

Both atoms and the void were never created, and they will be never ending. The void is infinite and provides the space in which the atoms can pack or scatter differently. The different possible packings and scatterings within the void make up the shifting outlines and bulk of the objects that we feel, see, eat, hear, smell, and taste.

While we may feel hot or cold, "hot" and "cold" actually have no real existence, but are simply sensations produced in us by the different packings and scatterings of the atoms in the void that compose the object.

Plato objected to the mechanistic purposelessness of the Atomism of Democritusarguing that atoms just crashing into other atoms could never produce the beauty and form of the world. For Platothe four simple bodies fire, air, water and earth were geometric solids, the faces of which were, in turn, made up of triangles.

Since the simple bodies could be decomposed into triangles, the triangles could be reassembled into atoms of different elements and substances. Aristotle asserted that the elements of fire, air, earth, and water were not made of atoms, but were continuous. He considered the existence of a void, which was required by atomic theories, to violate physical principles, and speculated that change took place not by the rearrangement of atoms to make new structures, but by transformation of matter from what it was in potential to a new actuality.

Aristotle represented the first important movement away from Atomism. Epicurus was a follower of Democritus 's Atomism, although he questioned how specific natural phenomena such as earthquakes, lightning, comets or the phases of the Moon could be explained by this theory.

Other Epicurean students, particularly Lucretius 99 - 55 B. Much of the renewed interest in Atomism in the 16th and 17th Century was precipitated by scientific advances, particularly those of Nicolaus Copernicus - and Galileo Galilei -who himself converted to Atomism when he found that his corpuscular theory of matter and his experiments with falling bodies and inclined planes contradicted the mainstream Aristotelian theories.

Robert Boyle's form of Atomism, which came to be accepted by most English scientists, was essentially an amalgamation of the two French systems. He arrived at it after encountering problems reconciling Aristotelian physics with his chemistry experimentation. Roger Boscovich - provided the first general mathematical theory of Atomism, utilizing principles of Newtonian mechanics.The very first free will "problem" was whether freedom was compatible with intervention and foreknowledge of the gods.

Before there was anything called philosophy, religious accounts of man's fate explored the degree of human freedom permitted by superhuman gods. 1. Life and Works. According to ancient reports, Democritus was born about BCE (thus, he was a younger contemporary of Socrates) and was a citizen of Abdera, although some reports mention Miletus.

1. Life and Works. According to ancient reports, Democritus was born about BCE (thus, he was a younger contemporary of Socrates) and was a citizen of Abdera, although some reports mention Miletus.

Atomism (from Greek ἄτομον, atomon, i.e. "uncuttable, indivisible") is a natural philosophy that developed in several ancient traditions.. References to the concept of atomism and its atoms appeared in both ancient Greek and ancient Indian philosophical traditions.

Democritus (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

The ancient Greek atomists theorized that nature consists of two fundamental principles: atom and void. Epicurus is one of the major philosophers in the Hellenistic period, the three centuries following the death of Alexander the Great in B.C.E. (and of Aristotle in B.C.E.).

Atomism democritus and epicurus

Epicurus developed an unsparingly materialistic metaphysics, empiricist epistemology, and hedonistic ethics.

Epicurus. Materialism, in philosophy, a widely held system of thought that explains the nature of the world as entirely dependent on matter, the fundamental and final reality beyond which nothing need be sought. Certain periods in history, usually those associated with scientific advance, are marked by strong.

Atomism - Wikipedia