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The first category of kashrut laws deals with animals and their byproducts. A kosher animal must be a ruminant chew its cud and have split hooves - so cows, sheep, goats and deer are all kosher, whereas camels ruminants without split hooves are not kosher, and pigs having split hooves but not chewing their cud are not kosher.
Most common fowl are kosher, like chickens, ducks and geese, but the birds of prey hawks, eagles, owls, parrots are not kosher.
A sea creature is only kosher if it has fins and scales, so most species of fish are kosher tuna, salmon, flounder, trout, etc. There are four species of locust that are kosher, but are not commonly consumed by the majority of Jews Thank G-d for that.
Any product of a non-kosher animal is also non-kosher e. In order to eat an animal or bird it must be slaughtered according to Jewish law Shechita. The cut must be swift, without pause, tearing or vertical pressure and must be only done by an expert.
It must be performed on the neck of the animal not higher than the epiglottis and not lower than where cilia begin inside the trachea. This method of slaughter reduces the blood pressure in the brain to zero immediately so that the animal loses consciousness in a few seconds and dies in less than a minute.
For comparative scientific studies of shechita and other methods of killing, refer to Shechita: Religious, Historical and Scientific Perspectives, by Munk, Feldheim Publishers, New York, Fish must be killed before being eaten, but no particular method is specified in Jewish law.
The animal or bird must then be determined to be free of treifot, which are 70 different categories of injuries, diseases or abnormalities whose presence renders the animal non-kosher.
It is forbidden to cook even without eatingeat even without cooking or derive any benefit e. It is also forbidden to cook or eat dairy products together with poultry. Fish, fruits, vegetables, grains, eggs are neutral pareve. The second category of laws are those that deal with agricultural products.
One may not eat of fruit of a tree in the first three years from the time of its planting. Orlah In the Land of Israel, tithes must be taken from all crops.
Some tithes are divided among the Priests KohanimLevites, and the poor. Others must be eaten in Jerusalem by the owners and shared with the local population.
If these tithes are not separated out of the crop then the produce may not be eaten—the wheat, barley or fruit is actually not kosher until the commandments of tithing have been fulfilled.
The third category are products that were prohibited because of what they may contain or for their sociological impact.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus, כַּשְׁרוּת ) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws. Food that may be consumed according to halakha (Jewish law) is termed "kosher" (/ ˈ k oʊ ʃ ər / in English, Yiddish: כּשר ), from the Ashkenazi pronunciation of the Hebrew term kashér (כָּשֵׁר ), meaning "fit" (in. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Meaning of the Term. A word of Latin origin (from "gens"; "gentilis"), designating a people not Jewish, commonly applied to non-Jews. The term is said (but falsely so) to .
Wine and grape-juice products may only be used if produced by Jews. Pagans used to use wine for their ceremonies and used to dedicate wine to their gods, which would make the wine Biblically prohibited. In addition, sharing wine creates a certain feeling of intimacy that the Sages wanted to discourage between Jews and Gentiles as a barrier against intermarriage.
Milk products must be supervised in order to ensure that they only come from kosher animals. The rennet in cheese must also only come from a kosher animal that has been slaughtered correctly and checked for treifot. Any cooked or processed foods must have some form of supervision to ensure that there are no non-kosher products used in their preparation.
The above overview is obviously not a comprehensive legal guide to the laws of kashrut, it is a bare bones categorisation of the laws, for the purpose of understanding their rationale.
Reasons for the Commandments top Before going into the reasons for the laws in detail a second introduction is necessary. When we attempt to explain the philosophy of any law of the Torah we have to understand some general ideas about the concept of taamei hamitzvot, reasons for the commandments.
The very idea of investigating the reasons for the commandments, however, raises a number of issues. Does the authority of a commandment rely upon our comprehension of its rationale?Essay on Jewish Dietary Laws: Living with Self Discipline David J.
Marti Dr. Carl Religion 15 July Jewish Dietary Laws and the Rise of the Delicatessen in America In the Jewish culture, observing dietary laws has always meant living within boundaries. Kashrut: Jewish Dietary Laws Level: Intermediate. Kashrut is a set of biblical dietary restrictions; health is not the only reason for Jewish dietary laws.
Many of the laws of kashrut have no known connection with health. Imposing rules on what you can and cannot eat ingrains that kind of self control, requiring us to learn to control. The Torah, or Jewish Written Law, consists of the five books of the Hebrew Bible - known more commonly to non-Jews as the "Old Testament" - that were given by G-d to Moses on Mount Sinai and include within them all of the biblical laws of Judaism.
The Torah is also known as the Chumash, Pentateuch or Five Books of Moses. Jewish Dietary Laws (Kashrut): Overview of Laws & Regulations. Category» Dietary Laws (Kashrut) Imposing rules on what you can and cannot eat ingrains that kind of self control.
In addition, it elevates the simple act of eating into a religious ritual. The Jewish dinner table is often compared to the Temple altar in rabbinic literature. INTRODUCTION 4. 1. Modern times have made Christians more aware of the close fraternal bonds that unite them to the Jewish people.
During the second world war (), tragic events, or more precisely, abominable crimes subjected the Jewish people to a terrible ordeal that threatened their very existence throughout most of Europe. Observing Jewish dietary laws means living within boundaries.
Self-discipline is required, and each person or household has to decide how stringently to apply the rules–or what set of rules to follow.