Egyptian hieroglyphs with cartouches for the name " Ramesses II ", from the Luxor TempleNew Kingdom The history of literature follows closely the development of civilization.
Words in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to other articles in the book Abstract Expressionism A form of art in which the artist expresses himself purely through the use of form and colour.
It is non-representational, or non-objective, art, which means that there are no concrete objects represented. In terms of art history, the movement can be broadly divided into two groups: Abstract Expressionism is closely linked to several literary movements, particularly Imagism and Postmodernism.
Many of their poems attempt to replicate in lyric form what the painters were doing on canvas. Oscar Wilde was one of the most outspoken proponents of the movement, which influenced the poetry and painting of the pre-Raphaelites, and the early poetry of W.
The term is usually applied to the repetition of consonants, particularly when they are the first letter of the words, but can apply to any stressed consonants. O wild West Wind Angry Young Men A term coined by literary journalists in the s to describe the writers at the forefront of a new trend of social realism and anti-establishment attitudes in fiction and drama.
He may be Literary periods flawed character Literary periods fails where a conventional hero would succeed, or his attitudes might be intended to subvert the idea of a literary hero, or of what society might consider to be heroic.
A form of imperfect rhyme, where the vowels rhyme but not the consonants. They themselves were influenced by William Burroughsbest known as the author of The Naked Lunch Beat writers had little regard for the formal conventions of literature, and put all the emphasis on spontaneity and self-expression, their loosely-structured style reflecting the influence of the jazz music of the time.
The movement was associated with the idea of 'dropping out' of materialistic middle-class life, to pursue a form of freedom and spiritual exploration. They were forerunners of the Hippie counter-culture of the s. Ginsberg visited England in the s, and his spontaneous style and emphasis on poetry as live performance influenced The Liverpool Poets.
Bildungsroman A German word meaning a 'novel of education', referring to a novel taking as its theme the development of an individual from childhood to adulthood, following the protagonist's search for his or her own identity.
The form was common in German literature, the archetype being Goethe's Wilhelm Meister Lehrjahre These poets shared ties to Black Mountain College, in North Carolina, an experimental school of art that operated from until its closing inand to its literary review, The Black Mountain Review.
Opposed to the social constraints of their age, they had a modernising liberal outlook, and made significant achievements in their fields, though they were accused by some of elitism. The attitude was a break from the view that poetry should be impersonal, advocated by T.
Dadaism A European art movement, characterised by an anarchic protest against bourgeois society, founded in by the Rumanian-born French poet, Tristan Tzara Part of the motivation behind the movement was the wish to express a sense of outrage in response to the First World War, and the culture which had brought it about.
The main centre of Dadaism was Paris, but it also flourished in America, the main proponents of the two centres being Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray respectively.
The movement was superseded by Surrealism from around It refers to the analysis of a text taking into account that its meaning is not fixed but can vary according to the way in which the writer, and reader, interpret language. Instead of looking for meanings, deconstruction aims to analyse concepts and modes of thought to expose the preconceived ideas on which they are founded.
The negative characteristics of a dystopia serve as a warning of possible social and political developments to be avoided.
Feminist writers and critics attempt to redress the balance by writing literature and criticism from the point of view of women. Freud showed the importance of the unconscious in all aspects of human life, and developed techniques of psychoanalysis and dream interpretation as ways of gaining access to it.
In art Freud was a direct influence on Surrealism, and in English literature was a direct influence on W. Lawrence, and Iris Murdoch.
EARLY PERIODS OF LITERATURE These periods are spans of time in which literature shared intellectual, linguistic, religious, and artistic influences. The history of American literature can be divided into five periods: Colonial and Early National, Romantic, Realism and Naturalism, Modernist, and Contemporary. Each has its own unique characteristics, notable authors, and representative works. Postcolonial literature is the literature by people from formerly colonized countries. It exists on all continents except Antarctica. Postcolonial literature often addresses the problems and consequences of the decolonization of a country, especially questions relating to the political and cultural independence of formerly subjugated people, and themes such as racialism and colonialism.
They wrote delicate lyrical poetry, often concerned with nature. Their style was a break from the poetry of the late nineteenth century, and the decadence which had evolved from aestheticism. In the s they were overshadowed by the Modernist innovations of Ezra Pound and T. The form became popular in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, classics of the genre being The Castle of Otranto by Horace WalpoleThe Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann RadcliffeThe Monk by Matthew Gregory Lewisand Frankenstein by Mary Shelley In the context of modern literature the term is still used to describe literature with macabre, horrifying subject matter, such as much of the work of Beryl Bainbridge.
In modern American literature the term Southern Gothic is applied to works by writers from the Southern States of the USA, whose stories are often set in that region, and include macabre or fantastic incidents in their plots.A brief guide to American Literary Periods, including the Colonial, Renaissance, Beat, and Contemporary, along with examples.
English Literature Glossary of Literary Terms. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English PostWords in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to . This presentation provides a brief introduction to the five periods in British Literature up to the year Literature History.
Henry Augustin Beers was a literature historian and professor at Yale who lived at the turn of the 19th century. He wrote intensely detailed histories of American and English literature, covering the periods up until what were his modern times.
The Department of Labor CareerZone website is provided in English.
However, the “Google Translate” option may assist you in reading it in other languages. Literary Periods & History Timeline Here you will find our graphical timeline representing literary periods & movements, as well as major events or authors from literature history.
To learn more about specific eras you can browse back to our Literary Periods page.