Self medication

These statistics show that 27 million American adults were considered to be current illicit drug users while nearly million were alcohol consumers. Inthe NSDUH estimated that close to 3 million American adults tried an illicit drug for the first time that year, which is almost 8, people initiating drug abuse each day on average. There are many reasons that people turn to drugs or alcohol, from social pressures, to a desire to feel a certain way, to curiosity. People may also use alcohol or drugs because of a desire to escape reality, relieve stress, forget a trauma, ease physical or emotional discomfort, manage side effects of other drugs or medications, or try and reduce symptoms of a mental illness.

Self medication

These statistics show that 27 million American adults were considered to be current illicit drug users while nearly million were alcohol consumers. Inthe NSDUH estimated that close to 3 million American adults tried an illicit drug for the first time that year, which is almost 8, people initiating drug abuse each day on average.

Self medication

There are many reasons that people turn to drugs or alcohol, from social pressures, to a desire to feel a certain way, to curiosity. People may also use alcohol or drugs because of a desire to escape reality, relieve stress, forget a trauma, ease physical or emotional discomfort, manage side effects of other drugs or medications, or try and reduce symptoms of a mental illness.

The term self-medicating is used when substances, drugs or alcohol, are abused to mask symptoms of a mental health issue. Different types of psychoactive substances may be used for various reasons when self-medicating. Stimulant drugs like cocaine, methamphetamine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, Self medication Adderall, Ritalin: The Relationship Self medication Trauma, Environmental Stressors, and Substance Abuse Something that encourages a person to turn to drugs or alcohol for respite is called a trigger or stressor, and these are different for different people.

A triggering event may be something big, like losing a job, getting a divorce, the death of a loved one, being involved in accident, or being the victim of a crime, or it may be smaller like a bad grade on a test, a fight with a loved one, or anything that may increase stress, anxiety, or cause a depressed mood.

Drugs or alcohol may seem to be a beacon in times of stress and may actually provide temporary relief and respite from reality.

Of course, this is short-lived, and self-medication will serve to make matters worse in the long-run, increasing health problems, damaging relationships, and providing a poor coping mechanism that cannot be safely sustained on a long-term basis.

When a person feels stressed, certain changes to the chemistry in the brain and functions of the central nervous system are made. Individuals may feel irritable, jumpy, restless, anxious, and on edge.

Stress, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDAis a significant contributing factor in why people abuse alcohol or drugs in the first place and also why they may continue to do so.

Chronic stress can cause someone to want to turn to mind-altering substances for relief. Childhood trauma, such as neglect, abuse, or other major stressors experienced before the brain is fully developed, can increase the odds for someone developing an issue with substance abuse later in life, NIDA further expounds, as it may actually damage regions of the brain used for controlling impulses and making good decisions.

In a study of adolescents who were being treated for issues surrounding substance abuse, almost three-fourths reported a childhood trauma, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network NCTSN reports.

The onset of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD after being the victim of, or witnessing, a near-death experience is also closely tied to substance abuse, as individuals battling PTSD may wish to escape reality and try to forget the event by self-medication methods.

Alcohol may be a common substance used for self-medication purposes of PTSD. In a study published by Psychiatric Timesmore than half of the military personnel surveyed who were deployed and had exposure to combat binge drank alcohol.

Military members are not the only people to experience PTSD and extreme stress, however, as anyone with exposure to a traumatic event may be at risk. The homeless population, for example, may be at a high risk for self-medication, perhaps because of high stress and attempts to cope with living on the street, or due to an untreated medical or mental illness.

The incidence of substance abuse is much higher in the homeless population than in the general population, the National Coalition for the Homeless reports. No one is immune to stress, and many times drugs and alcohol are used to attempt to dull its effects. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America ADAA reports that around 20 percent of individuals suffering from an anxiety or mood disorder also battle a substance use disorder, and vice versa.

Depression and anxiety may be the result of many different factors, including an imbalance in brain chemistry, biological and genetic contributors, high stress, trauma, and environmental factors. Anxiety disorders, depression, and PTSD are often the result of certain parts of the brain, like the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex, being overactive, Psychology Today reports.

Therefore, substances that depress the central nervous system like benzodiazepines which consequently are often prescribed to treat anxiety and alcohol may actually calm these nerve firings and therefore temporarily dispel some of the difficult psychological symptoms, likely making these substances a popular form of self-medication for these disorders.

Both anxiety and depression are also often side effects of drug withdrawal as well, when a person abuses a substance regularly and becomes dependent on it. Substance abuse may then lead to heightened anxiety and depressive symptoms, especially in individuals who battle addiction to drugs or alcohol.Medication of oneself without professional supervision to treat an illness or condition, as by using an over-the-counter drug or preparation.

Self-medication is the treatment of common health problems with medicines especially designed and labeled for use without medical supervision and approved as safe and effective for such use. Self Medication might be the best slackers album yet and that would be saying a lot about the slackers and about music.

Thanks very much for the awesome awesome awesome album!!!!!! Read more5/5(3). The clinical implication is that questions about self-medication with alcohol or drugs should be included in the assessment of patients with anxiety and mood symptoms, because self-medication is a marker of higher likelihood of psychopathology.

Self medication

The self-medication hypothesis The idea that substance abuse can be a form of self-medication is formally known as the self-medication hypothesis and was introduced in Self-medication, which is a frequent practice in the drug consumer community in Dakar, involves using one or several medicines in order to treat one or more ailments.

From the identification of medicines to the method of acquisition and use.

Risks of self-medication practices.