Agency for International Developmentwhich conducts criminal and civil investigations, financial and performance audits, reviews, and inspections of USAID activities around the world. Host-country staff normally work under one-year contracts that are renewed annually. In USAID's management approach, local staff may fill highly responsible, professional roles in program design and management.
Agency for International Developmentwhich conducts criminal and civil investigations, financial and performance audits, reviews, and inspections of USAID activities around the world. Host-country staff normally work under one-year contracts that are renewed annually.
Most USAID project officers support two or three projects, and the time of staff in support offices is also divided across several assistance projects. Examples of projects often assisted by Education offices are projects for curriculum development, teacher training, and provision of improved textbooks and materials.
Larger programs have included school construction. Education offices often manage scholarship programs for training in the U. Counterparts include the judicial sector and civil-society organizations that monitor government performance.
Economic Growth[ edit ] Examples of projects often assisted by Economic Growth offices are projects for improvements in agricultural techniques and marketing the mission may have a specialized "Agriculture" officedevelopment of microfinance industries, streamlining of Customs administrations to accelerate growth of exporting industriesand modernization of government regulatory frameworks for industry in various sectors telecommunications, agriculture, and so forth.
Economic Growth assistance is thus quite diverse in terms of the range of sectors where it may work. Economic Growth offices also occasionally manage assistance to poverty relief projects, such as to government programs that provide "cash transfer" payments to low-income families.
Special assistance offices[ edit ] Some USAID missions have specialized technical offices for areas like counter-narcotics assistance or assistance in conflict zones. Rather than having a permanent presence in country missions, this office has supplies pre-positioned in strategic locations to respond quickly to disasters when and where they occur.
With the help of the Program Office, the Mission Director ensures that designs are consistent with USAID policy for the country, including budgetary earmarks by which Washington directs that funds be used for certain general purposes such as public health or environmental conservation.
The Program Office compiles combined reports to Washington to support budget requests to Congress and to verify that budgets were used as planned.
Contracting offices[ edit ] Commitments of U.
This office often has the largest number of staff of any office in the mission. Development projects are projects of local government agencies and NGOs, such as projects to improve public services or business regulations, etc. The key to a successful development project is the institutional capacity of local organizations, including the professional ability of their staff members.
The key to successful assistance is how well it fits the needs of local development projects, including institutional capacity building and supporting professional education and training for staff. To illustrate, USAID might assist a development project with inputs provided through several different funding agreements: A budget-support grant to a government agency.
A contract with a firm for support to the agency. A grant to a local NGO serving the beneficiary group. Contract for TA to a government agency[ edit ] As a government agency is usually specialized in services to the beneficiary population medical services, for exampleits staff may not be equipped to undertake planning and evaluation, construction, acquisition of equipment, or management of training and study tours.
Grant to finance NGO services to a beneficiary group[ edit ] Non-governmental organizations are, like their government counterparts, usually already engaged in service provision in areas where USAID wants to assist, and they often have unique abilities that complement public programs.
Grant to an international NGO for technical assistance[ edit ] International NGOs have their own development projects and capabilities.
If USAID and its counterparts determine that development objectives can best be met by supporting an NGO project, and if local NGO capacity is not yet sufficient, the relevant USAID technical office will draft a program description and the contracting office will issue as a request for applications to solicit responses from the international NGO community.
Other mechanisms[ edit ] In addition to the types of projects described above, USAID uses various other assistance mechanisms for different U. Budget agreements with other USG agencies are common in supporting collaboration between the U.
Large budget-support grants, referred to as "non-project" assistance, may be made to recipient governments to pursue U. Assistance to developing countries was already substantial.
The decision to create an agency with a new structure in was the culmination of a debate that reviewed the experience of the previous twenty years and that tried to provide for U. The new structure "proved to be sturdy and durable.The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), on behalf of the United States Government, prepares annually the official U.S.
Government submission to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Development Co-operation Directorate (OECD/DAC) on Official Development Assistance (ODA), Other Official Flows (OOF), and Private Flows.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues Curt Tarnoff Specialist in Foreign Affairs July 21, In the summer of , USAID built a data repository to track all foreign assistance activities funded by the U.S.
Government and fulfill two international aid reporting requirements of the U.S. Government: (1) Publication of the annual U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants (informally known as the Greenbook) for Congress and (2) the U.S.
Government's Annual Assistance Report (USAAR) to the Development . In the summer of , USAID built a data repository to track all foreign assistance activities funded by the U.S. Government and fulfill two international aid reporting requirements of the U.S.
Government: (1) Publication of the annual U.S. Overseas Loans and Grants (informally known as the Greenbook) for Congress and (2) the U.S. . The act mandated the creation of an agency to administer economic assistance programs, and on November 3, , President Kennedy established the U.S.
Agency for International Development (USAID) as an independent federal entity not under the authority of the State Department. USAID was started by John F. Kennedy on November 3rd, This was the first time in the United States government that a single agency was in charge of foreign economic development.
Due to the Foreign Assistance Act of , all foreign assistance activities were transformed completely.