It has seemed to me worth while to show from the history of civilization just what war has done and has not done for the welfare of mankind.
History[ edit ] This area was occupied for thousands of years by indigenous peoples, attracted to the advantageous site near the rivers.
They used the waterways for transportation and trading, and to supply fish and water for their villages. Some colonial fur traders traveled the Arkansas and other rivers to trade with the native American tribes.
Soon after, the government sent the Pike Expedition to explore the areas along the Arkansas River. The US founded Fort Smith in as a military post. General Smith had ordered Army topographical engineer Stephen H. Long — to find a suitable site on the Arkansas River for a fort.
General Smith never visited this town or the forts that bore his name. A stockade was built and occupied from until by a small troop of regulars commanded by Major William Bradford.
A small settlement began forming around the fort, but the Army abandoned the first Fort Smith in and moved 80 miles further west to Fort Gibson. John Rogers, an Army sutler and land speculator, bought up former government-owned lands at this site and promoted growth of the new civilian town of Fort Smith.
Some genealogists claim him as an ancestor to 20th-century Oklahoma comedian Will Rogers. In the Army moved back into the old military post near Belle Point, and expanded True grit essay base. They used troops to escort Choctaw and Cherokeefrom their ancestral homelands in the Southeast; they were the last of the tribes to leave.
Remnants of the Five Civilized Tribes remained in the southeast, and their descendants in some cases have reorganized and been federally recognized.
The Cherokee called the forced march the Trail of Tearsas many of their people and African-American slaves died along the way.
The army enforced the removal of these peoples to the reserved Indian Territorywhere the federal government granted them land. Many displaced Native Americans fell out of the march and settled in Fort Smith and adjoining Van Buren, Arkansas on the other side of the river.
Fort Smith is the second-largest city in Arkansas and one of the two county seats of Sebastian County. As of the Census, the population was 86, With an estimated population of 88, in , it is the principal city of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region of , residents that encompasses the Arkansas counties of Crawford, Franklin, and. Melton is the author of Love Warrior, founder of nonprofit Together Rising and creator of Momastery. Doyle is her sister. Vice President Mike Pence will not dine with a woman without his wife. True grit is overtaking that fear and conquering in spite of it. Essay Number 2 Prompt: Mattie has an absolute sense of right and wrong that is .
As a result, the US acquired large territories in the Southwest, and later annexed the Republic of Texas, which had been independent for some years.
During the early years of the U. Civil Warthe fort was occupied by the Confederate Army. A small fight occurred there on July 31,but the Union army maintained command in the area until the war ended in As a result, many refugee slaves, orphans, Southern Unionists, and others came here to escape the guerrilla warfare raging in Arkansas, Missouri, and the Border States.
Federal troops abandoned the post of Fort Smith for the last time in The town continued to thrive despite the absence of federal troops. Fort Smith was a bustling community full of brothels, saloons and outlaws, just across the river from Indian Territory. William Clayton realized a strong judge would be necessary to bring law and order to the region.
He knew that Isaac Parker was a strong judge. He was nicknamed the "Hanging Judge": Six of these men were later hanged on the same day.
Over the course of his career in Fort Smith, Parker sentenced people to death. Of those, 79 were executed on the gallows.
His courthouse is now marked as a National Historic Sitewhere "more men were put to death by the U. He was instrumental in achieving statehood for Oklahoma inafter Native American claims were extinguished by distribution of communal lands under the Dawes Act and the breakup of tribal governments.
Governor Frantz and Judge Clayton both lost their territorial positions when Oklahoma became a state; a new governor was elected and the Roosevelt administration appointed a new judge.
It established the Fort Chaffee Military Reservation east of the city. On April 21,a large tornadopart of the April Tornado Outbreak Sequencedestroyed and heavily damaged much of historic downtown Fort Smith around the Garrison Avenue Bridge. Days later, the damaged Eads Brothers Furniture building in downtown Fort Smith was destroyed by one of the largest fires in the city's history.
Climate[ edit ] Fort Smith has generally mild winters and hot, humid summers. The monthly mean temperature ranges from The average first and last occurrences for freezing temperatures are November 5 and March 29, respectively.
The city has been struck by three major tornadoeswhich occurred in the years ofand Aceable Field Notes: An Essay on Grit.
March 5, March 10, Hey! But the most important skill at Aceable (and life in general) is grit. What is Grit? Grit can be defined as strength of character or the ability to overcome failure and continue to work toward success. People with grit are not always the people with the most natural.
True Grit Essay Words 6 Pages The American western frontier, still arguably existent today, has presented a standard of living and characteristics which, for a time, where all its own. July One of the most common types of advice we give at Y Combinator is to do things that don't scale.
A lot of would-be founders believe that startups either take off or don't.
We do this to our philosophies. We redraft their contours based on projected shadows, or give them a cartoonish shape like a caricaturist emphasising all the wrong features. Portis shows that true grit is a requirement to seeing that justice is done and just as criminals pay a price for their crimes, so do those who seek to have them punished: “You must pay for everything in this world one way or another.
True grit is overtaking that fear and conquering in spite of it. Essay Number 2 Prompt: Mattie has an absolute sense of right and wrong that is .